Vocational education is education which prepares people for a specific trade. It is often referred as Vocational Education and Training (VET) and Career and Technical Education (CTE). It covers a large number of careers and industries like trades, office work, retail, hospitality and technology. Qualifications range from certificate II to certificate IV, and diploma and advanced diploma.
In Australia vocational education and training is mostly post-secondary; however, some senior schools do offer school-based apprenticeships and traineeships for students in years 10, 11 and 12.
Australia’s apprenticeship system includes both traditional apprenticeships in traditional trades and “traineeships” in other more service-oriented occupations. Both involve a legal contract between the employer and the apprentice and provide a combination of school-based and workplace training. Apprenticeships typically last three to four years, traineeships only one to two years.